Public Health Defined

Throughout history, recognition of public health and its relationship to the health of populations waxed and waned with current events. There was a concurrent inability of the public to define public health. Public health appears to be something that individuals understand intuitively, but have difficulty defining specifically, as evidenced by various definitions of public health found in the literature. The classic definition of public health by Winslow (1920) describes it as:

“the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical health and efficiency through organized community efforts for the sanitation of the environment, the control of community infections, the education of the individual in principles of personal hygiene, the organization of medical and nursing services for the early diagnosis and preventive treatment of disease, and the development of the social machinery which will ensure to every individual in the community a standard of living adequate for the maintenance of health”

WHO definition of Health

"Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity" (The Definition has not been amended since 1948)

Edu page
university header

 

Virginia J. Noland, PhD, MPH
Catherine Troxler, MPH, CHES
Anna M. Torrens Salemi, MPH, CHES

www.buworldsymposium.com
www.northcarolina.edu
ww.virtuelreel.com

This paper examines the school as a microcosm of public health practice. The history of school health is reviewed and key events leading to modern school health practice are identified. The school is presented as a community and a learning environment in which essential public health services are delivered. Examples of contributions of the Florida Department of Health and the Florida Department of Education to the health and well-being of Florida’s children are presented briefly. www.borninidea.com